“Mr. Francis Galton affirms that ‘the styles of the papillary ridges on the bulbous palmar surfaces of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and thumbs are unquestionably unchangeable through daily life, and present in various folks an infinite selection of kinds and peculiarities. The possibility of two finger-prints remaining equivalent is considerably less than 1 in sixty-4 thousand thousands and thousands. If, as a result, two finger-prints are in comparison and identified to coincide exactly, it is almost certain that they are prints of the same finger of the same person if they vary, they are created by various fingers. –Lancet”

Scientific American, June 1894

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