May 29, 2020

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Neanderthals: Pioneers in the use of marine resources

Graphic: Maritime ressources from Figueira Brava. A. limpets, B. clams, C. crab, D. dolphin vertebrae, E....

Graphic: Maritime ressources from Figueira Brava. A. limpets, B. clams, C. crab, D. dolphin vertebrae, E. shark vertebrae
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Credit rating: A-C M. Nabais, D Antunes et al. 2000, E. J. P. Ruas

Neanderthals slurping seashells by the seashore? This scene may well startle these accustomed to imagining Homo neanderthalensis as a individuals of chilly climes who hunted significant herbivores. Nevertheless an worldwide staff like researchers from a few laboratories affiliated with the CNRS and partner institutions* have just shown that Neanderthals hunted, fished, and collected prodigious volumes of seafood and other marine animals: they discovered stays of molluscs, crustaceans, fish, birds, and mammals in a Portuguese cave (Figueira Brava) occupied by Neanderthals between 106,000 and 86,000 BCE. The range of marine foodstuff sources discovered there even exceeds that observed at other, considerably much more latest Portuguese websites, dated to nine,000-7,five hundred BCE. The team’s conclusions, revealed in Science (27 March 2020), advise that many Neanderthal teams–residing in Mediterranean climates far from the mammoth hunts of the frigid steppes–shared these dietary habitats.

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Scientists from Centre de recherche en archéologie, archéosciences, Histoire (CNRS/Université de Rennes), from De la préhistoire à l’actuel : culture, environnement et anthropologie laboratory (CNRS/Université de Bordeaux/Ministère de la Society) and Travaux de recherches archéologiques sur les cultures, les espaces et les sociétés laboratory (CNRS/Université de Toulouse Jean Jaurès/Ministère de la Society).

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