Seventy-6 million a long time in the past, a team of modest mammals huddled in a burrow in what’s now Montana. They have been great diggers—most probable furry—and petite.
“They could sit easily in the palm of your hand. These points, if you observed them operating about now, you’d imagine it’s a tiny rodent—a chipmunk or mouse.”
Lucas Weaver is a mammal paleobiologist at University of Washington.
These minimal creatures didn’t belong to any of the three principal mammal groups on the earth today—which are the placental mammals (like us), monotremes (like the platypus) and marsupials (like koalas and kangaroos).
Instead they belonged to yet another, now extinct group named the “multituberculates.”
“They have these definitely strange molars with several bumps, which is wherever they get their name. Multituberculate. just suggests ‘many bumps.’”
Weaver and his colleagues have researched the fossilized skulls and skeletons of these animals, dug up in Montana, and they’ve specified them a identify: Filikomys primaevus (welcoming or neighborly mouse).
The specifics are in the journal Character Ecology & Evolution. [Lucas N. Weaver et al., Early mammalian social behaviour revealed by multituberculates from a dinosaur nesting site]
Weaver suggests drought or local weather modify may well have killed the animals, while it is hard to be absolutely sure. But the critters were being fossilized collectively in ways that recommend they sought out just about every others’ company. Which is a massive deal because it is generally considered that social actions did not come up in mammals right up until soon after the death of the dinosaurs, 10 million many years right after these smaller critters hung out jointly.
“The narrative, for decades, has been that mammals residing for the duration of the time of dinosaurs have been largely solitary ratlike creatures scuttling in the evening underneath dinosaurs. And so the fact we’re discovering these multituberculate mammals—a thoroughly unrelated team of mammals—exhibiting social behavior means this was in all probability not unheard of among these early Mesozoic mammals. And it improvements the narrative that sociality is somehow one of a kind to placental mammals.”
Even these days, social actions is somewhat unusual amid mammals. But these results advise the need for firm in some mammalian species is an ancient evolutionary invention.
[The above text is a transcript of this podcast.]