July 14, 2020


Aim for Excellence

7,000 years of demographic history in France

Image: Samantha Brunel analyzing a cranium in Institut Jacques Monod ‘s significant containment laboratory (CNRS/Université de...

Image: Samantha Brunel analyzing a cranium in Institut Jacques Monod ‘s significant containment laboratory (CNRS/Université de Paris)
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Credit history: © Eva-Maria Geigl et Thierry Grange, Institut Jacques Monod (CNRS/Université de Paris)

A workforce led by experts from the Institut Jacques Monod (CNRS/Université de Paris)* have demonstrated that French prehistory was punctuated by two waves of migration: the 1st throughout the Neolithic time period, about six,300 several years back, the 2nd throughout the Bronze Age, about four,200 several years back. This review, printed in PNAS on May well 25, which seemed at the genomes of 243 historical people more than seven,000 several years, demonstrates how admixture amongst native hunter-gatherers and the 1st Anatolian Neolithic migrants, who introduced with them a way of living centered on agriculture, persists to this working day in the genomes of French individuals. Admixture of the Neolithic populations with those people from the Pontic steppes**, who arrived four,200 several years back in what is now France, also left a long lasting imprint, with the Y chromosome of the majority of French adult men nevertheless bearing the signature of adult men from the steppes.



* This perform also involved scientists from the French Nationwide Institute for Preventive Archaeological Analysis (Inrap), and a number of laboratories: PACEA (CNRS/Université de Bordeaux/Ministère de la Society), Archaeology and Historical History: Mediterranean-Europe (CNRS/Université de Strasbourg/Université de Haute Alsace), the Archaeology Analysis Unit for Mediterranean Societies (CNRS/Université Paul Valéry Montpellier three/Ministère de la Society/Inrap), ‘Trajectories. From sedentarisation to the state’ (CNRS/Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne/Inrap/Ministère de la Society), Functions and Archaeological Analysis on Cultures, Spaces and Societies (CNRS/ Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès/Ministère de la Society) and ‘Cultures and Environments Prehistory, Antiquity, Center Ages’ (CNRS/ Université Côte d’Azur), Collège de France, ANTEA-Archéologie Habsheim, Services Archéologie Sète agglopôle mediterranée, Frontignan.

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