Category: education

Research on Motivation in Foreign Language Learning from a New Perspective

Ling Xiao

Motivation has long been a concern in the context of second/foreign language (SL/FL) acquisition. Motivational research has shown that motivation affects a variety of aspects related to language learning. For example, it affects the use of SL/FL learning strategies – a major aspect of self-regulated learning, the effort that learners are willing to invest, their achievement in course-related assessments, the proficiency level they eventually achieve, and the likelihood of their continuing to develop competency in the target language (i.e. the SL/FL being learned) after they complete formal classroom study of the language (Ely, 1986; Gardner, et al, 1992; Noels, et al, 2000).

Theories employed in earlier motivational research in the SL/FL context prior to the 1990s have been primarily relied onGardner’s Socio-Educational Model. This model focuses on individuals’ desire to integrate with the people who speak the target language and their attitudes towards them. The theory is based solely on social psychology, thus limiting its explanatory power. Some more recent motivational research incorporated theories of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation and investigated the effects of motivational factors on student achievement-related aspects in learning Chinese (Wen, 1997) and French (Keuneman & Sagona, 1992) as foreign languages.

The motivational theories employed in SL/FL research seem to be limited compared to what has been done outside the SL/FL context. Outside the SL/FL context, motivational research has extensively employed theories and concepts from general psychology, educational psychology and industrial psychology. Goal theory is an example of these theories. Goal theory claims that different goal orientations of individuals activate different cognition (e.g. thoughts, beliefs), emotions, and behavioral patterns in achievement settings (Dweck, 1986). Social cognitive theory is another popular theory employed in the motivational research. Perceived competence, or self-efficacy, is a concept derived from social cognitive theory. Perceived competence refers to individuals’ judgments of their capabilities for a particular type of task (Bandura, 1986). Research has shown that perceived competence influences achievement-related aspects such as the goals individuals set, and their perseverance in the face of difficulty and performance. Research has also indicated that goal orientations and perceived competence affect cognitive engagement, self-regulatory activities, task choice, task performance and persistence in times of difficulty (Elliot & Dweck, 1988). Goal theory predicted and laboratory research has indicated that there is also an interaction effect of the goal orientations and perceived competence. However, the findings have been inconsistent.

Self-regulated learning is a concept frequently examined in the motivational research outside the context of SL/FL learning (Zimmerman, 1990; Zimmerman & Martinez-Pons, 1986). The definition of self-regulated learning varies depending on from what theoretical perspective it is defined. For instance, from the perspective of behaviorism, it refers to forgoing existent behavior and acquiring new ones (Zimmerman, 2001). In the present study, this concept is adopted from the perspective of Social Cognitive Theory. It refers to a cyclical process that involves self-generated thoughts, feelings, and actions that are systematically directed towards achieving personal goals (Zimmerman, 1989).

The above definition indicates a close relationship between goals and self-regulation. Research has …

Best Free Math Apps For Kids

The first PBL undertaking I planned a few years in the past was the creation of a butterfly habitat within the college backyard by my third graders. Studies have proven that video games assist to promote hand eye coordination, and also advanced decision making. Moving from point A to point B on a recreation board is actually a skill that almost all preschoolers should study. Game types embody board , card , and video games An educational recreation is a game designed to show humans a few particular topic and to show them a ability. I even have heard parents say on a couple of event that they’ve problem getting their child to do anything however play video games of their spare time. Knowledge journey’s video games for youths are the proper mixture of fun and studying!

In 2013, the Dept of Education, IES supplied an SBIR Grant for game-based studying to assist the refinement of the educational model of Science4Us. Like many membership academic sites, Jumpstart offers us progress reviews that present what our youngsters are learning or making an attempt to be taught. The end result of the coed’s comprehension and progress will decide the effectiveness of the academic advantage. Luckily, I’ve always been like a child in a grown up physique so it wasn’t laborious to narrate to what was satisfying for kids.

The college students can study the fundamentals of counting and spelling by way of computer games which could be enjoyable. These games forced me to learn as a way to transfer on in the plot they usually did so in an interactive fashion. Educational video games are ideal for youngsters who love to find things, are curious and have inquisitive minds. With each of these touchscreen, iPad-like tablet toys, your child can obtain more video games, ebooks, and apps online.

I’m an amazing believer in household sport nights, and when the video games can also train valuable abilities, it’s a bonus! BUT, as far as I’ve been able to find out, only the LeapPad at the moment has studying apps the place children can really be taught letters by tracing over them (Petpal and Mr. Pencil video games are examples). Having a membership penguin social gathering can be enjoyable with all the games and favors that you’ve got featured right here. Similarly, Pokémon video games are sometimes performed by young children so the textual content is usually written in hiragana (for those who don’t thoughts studying new pokémon names and getting an inventory of the strikes in Japanese).

This flood of games into the market has produced some real great video games like Club Penguin but additionally many poor recreation experiences and even some incredible ones that have closed down (equivalent to ToonTown Online and Star86) which will also be irritating after having invested a lot time in a recreation that you love. Broadcastingcable b&c at the moment enews artistic planet group websites dv digitalcontentproducer prime 10 sites for instructional video games.…

“If You Think Education Is Difficult, Try Being Stupid!”

Already Soweto’s attractions, the previous Power Station signifies and Marks-out Soweto for vacationer and can also be now a well-known landmark. The battles in training these previous ten years have been brutal and now we have seen our career reworked into something barely recognizable from when I first began teaching fifteen years in the past. These features, as well as extra resources out there to Alabama teachers, earned ALEX the 2009 Digital Education Achievement Award. It’s more likely to place wind in the sails of those legislators who would prefer that Kentucky’s Education Commissioner be immediately elected – a giant step backward.

The current proposal is based on three main points – single-intercourse education for ladies, overseas languages and a servant-chief educational mannequin. First of all, the Oregon Department of Education requested for enter on their first draft of the choose out type. Participants will be taught online on their very own time by way of activities, articles, websites, organizations, sensible software with the overall aim of integrating the principles of peace education into their day by day practice. In a non-public school setting in Nigeria, the Ministry of education is the chief authority and controller of colleges.

They should combat against the training reformers who have never been academics however in some way are allowed to make policies that affect different individuals’s youngsters while their youngsters go to non-public college. You will likely be guided to turn out to be more conscious of your dreams and passions for peace and with support and suggestions from a World Citizen Peace Education facilitator, your goals and keenness will result in a plan for motion. The newly handed ESSA (Every Student Succeeds Act) will give the States LESS management and the Sec/Ed MORE management!

If they are with a number of lenders or have fallen into default then contact the Department of Education for options to consolidate and bring your loans out of default. Seventy-five District Education Offices (DEOs) and One Thousand Ninety-one Resource Centres (RCs) at local level are mainly the implementing businesses of the tutorial insurance policies, plans and programmes. Fortunately, the Department of Education offers several choices for individuals looking to get their pupil loans out of default status.

If South Dakota desires to take care of excessive pupil achievement, we need a new generation of high quality lecturers. He is a founding professor of the nationally recognized UTeach Natural Sciences preservice instructor schooling program. Classrooms had an in-class PA system so the teacher might be heard behind the room over the din from students. If you’ve gotten evidence of corruption, fraud, or misuse of funds by directors or college officers, please contact the city’s Special Commissioner of Investigations for the NYC School District. In 1926 the schooling boards made scholarships for poor youngsters who were beneath inspection of special needs.

Pros and Cons of Elearning

As obvious, the term “online education” or “distance learning” simply means what it implies. Through eLearning or distance education programs, students have the capability to enroll in classes that are carried out completely over the internet. Classes are conducted from online colleges and universities across the world, and all that is needed is a bit of motivation from the student’s side to acquire his/her degree online.

In the past couple of years, online education has gained much popularity, as traditional along with online-only colleges began offering distance learning courses after realizing that there are individuals out there who have trouble attending regular classes due to hectic lifestyles. There are numerous reasons why one should opt for eLearning, while on the other hand there are reasons why institutions providing online education are not all that well-reputed.

Pros of Online Education
There are numerous benefits of acquiring online degree, and those already enrolled in distance education programs know the true worth of the education they receive. The most prominent benefit of studying online is that neither the student nor the teacher has to travel long distances to attend classes at a particular location as eLearning can be conducted from just about anywhere in the world. The courses and online degree programs are carried out over the internet, through online learning management systems, internet char, real-time lectures, webinars etc.

The second benefit is that online students have the capability to study at their own pace. In a traditional setting, students need to finish their given assignments within a particular period of time, while through online education they can study whenever they are free. The online faculty assigns projects with a deadline and students can finish their projects at whatever time they find feasible within that particular deadline.

This leads us to the third benefit of online education, which is that those enrolled in an online college or university can easily balance work, family and their studies, thereby fulfilling all commitments. Instead of being away at a traditional college for about 8 hours a day, they can easily spend time with their family or even carry out work-related tasks while studying online.

Cons of eLearning
Just like anything else in life, eLearning has its disadvantages as well. First of all, there is the downside of there being no face-to-face interaction between the student and the professors. Even though they CAN meet outside the World Wide Web once in a blue moon, but it just does substitute for the entire social interaction that takes place in normal settings. Professors and students just do not get to know each other the way they do in a traditional classroom. Another con to the entire eLearning experience is that the college or university individual’s enroll in might not be properly accredited.

There are numerous benefits of proper accreditation, but it is of utmost importance for those who are willing to seek employment upon graduation. Not all online colleges and universities are accredited and you need to make sure …

Online Education – The Changing Face of Education

Opportunities in education today would have been impossible even a few decades back. With the popularity of the Internet, easy accessibility to computers and the World Wide Web, higher education has been transformed into a new dynamic entity. With technology progressing at a rapid pace and demands changing almost daily, our lives are only becoming busier. The world around us is left with no option but to change and move along with the times to accommodate to our new schedules and requirements. This is more than apparent in the field of education. As times change, fewer and fewer students rely on the traditional method of attending classes at a college campus. The ‘brick and mortar’ type of education still exists but now side by side with the option of graduating from an online degree program as well.

As the number of people who look for ways to complete their education or improve their skills becomes too large, it is inevitable that a large number of colleges and universities take the necessary steps towards filling that need. But jobs, childcare and other family obligations limit the amount of time people can devote to their education, and thus, alternative arrangements are created. Online education has started gaining popularity and has now completely changed the way we approach education today.

Online degrees are now widely accepted and recognized as authentic educational qualifications. As long as the institution offering the degree is accredited by an accreditation agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education, there should be no problem in the degree being accepted and acknowledged anywhere. Fully accredited online degree programs are now available in nearly every field. From management to medicine, law to accounting, there is a wide variety of choices on offer. Even obscure subjects and fields of study have found their place on the Internet. With degrees such as healthcare, students are even given the option of combining the practical aspect of their training at local hospitals or clinics along with virtual classes and studying online.

The flexibility of online education has opened up the doors of education to people from all walks of life. Stay at home moms and dads can now study from their own houses and employees can complete their assignments around their work schedules. There is 24 hour accessibility to the study material allowing for all night study sessions as well as the possibility of returning to subject matter again and again if necessary. And as universities continue to expand their options, the flexibility of online education will only increase. Students will be offered more options with the possibility of a custom created curriculum that suits their individual requirements and interests.

Distance learning also allows people hundreds of miles away to graduate with degrees from the college of their choice. Without spending a penny on gas or transport, students can make the most of a world class education with resources and faculty from all over the world. Through pre-recorded lectures, worksheets, assignments, e-classes, online forums, and …